# Get Started with Entando in 3 Easy Steps

New to Kubernetes, hypervisors, and Helm charts?

This in-depth guide takes a learn-as-you-go approach, and will give you a working knowledge of Kubernetes as you get Entando up and running in a local environment.

  1. Install Kubernetes
  2. Prepare Kubernetes Environment
  3. Deploy Entando

Note: For advanced or long-time Entando users, check out our Quick Reference install guide with just the steps.

# Install Kubernetes

Since Entando is designed to run on Kubernetes, let's get started by installing our own instance of Kubernetes locally.

We've tested a variety of Kubernetes implementations including Minikube, Minishift, CodeReady Containers, K3s, and Microk8s to find the best combination of low cpu/memory usage, fast startup times, and minimal configuration so we can get started quickly. After downloading the necessary files, we'll have our own instance of Kubernetes up and running in < 60 seconds.

What's Needed to Run Kubernetes

Kubernetes is a container orchestrator designed to manage a server cluster. It requires at least one master node running a Linux OS. We'll be using Multipass to create a lightweight Ubuntu VM in seconds that runs on a bare metal hypervisor for speed and performance.

# Enable Hypervisor

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Hypervisors allow you to create and run virtual machines. Virtualization software that run on top of your operating system like VirtualBox or VMWare Workstation are Type 2 hypervisors. Type 1 hypervisors run on bare metal.

Let's install a bare metal hypervisor for optimal performance.

Mac: Install hyperkit.

brew install hyperkit

Windows: Install Hyper-V


What if my machine doesn't support hyperkit or Hyper-V?

Use a Type 2 hypervisor that runs on top of your operating system:



# Launch Ubuntu VM

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Multipass is a tool developed by the publishers of Ubuntu to create lightweight Ubuntu VMs in seconds.

  1. Install Multipass

  2. Launch VM

multipass launch --name ubuntu-lts --cpus 4 --mem 8G --disk 20G
  1. Open a shell
multipass shell ubuntu-lts

# Run Kubernetes

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K3s is a certified Kubernetes distribution designed for production workloads in resource-constrained environments.

It's packaged as a single <40MB binary that reduces the dependencies and steps needed to install, run and auto-update a production Kubernetes cluster.

  1. Install k3s
curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | sh -
  1. Check for Ready STATUS.
sudo kubectl get node

What's running out of the box?
sudo kubectl get pods -A

Congratulations!

You now have a local instance of Kubernetes up and running.

# Prepare Kubernetes Environment

To install Entando, we'll add Custom Resources, create a Namespace, download a Helm chart, and configure external access to our cluster.

# Add Custom Resources

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Standard resources in Kubernetes include things like Pods, which are a group of one or more containers, Services, the way to call or access your pods, and Ingresses, for managing external access to your cluster.

Custom resources let you store and retrieve structured data. Combining a custom resource with a custom controller allows you to define a desired state to automate the running of your applications or services in a Kubernetes cluster.

Examples of custom resources in Entando are:

  • Entando App Engine
  • Entando Identity Management System

From your Ubuntu shell:

  1. Download custom resource definitions.
wget -c https://dev.entando.org/assets/yaml/custom-resources.tar.gz -O - | tar -xz
  1. Create custom resources
sudo kubectl create -f custom-resources

# Create Namespace

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Kubernetes supports multiple virtual clusters backed by the same physical cluster. These virtual clusters are called namespaces.

You can use namespaces to allocate resources and set cpu/memory limits for individual projects or teams. They can also encapsulate projects from one another.

sudo kubectl create namespace entando

# Download Helm Chart

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Helm is a package manager for Kubernetes that helps you define, install, and upgrade Kubernetes applications.

curl -L -C - -O https://dev.entando.org/assets/yaml/entando.yaml

# Configure Access to Your Cluster

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Entando sets up Ingresses in Kubernetes to access services from outside your server cluster. We'll use this to access Entando from a local browser.

To set up external access to your cluster, you'll need to replace the value of ENTANDO_DEFAULT_ROUTING_SUFFIX with your Ubuntu IP. You can look up your Ubuntu IP, and edit the YAML file manaully, but running the below commands will automatically update the IP address for you.

IP=$(hostname -I | awk '{print $1}')
sed -i "s/192.168.64.25/$IP/" entando.yaml

# Deploy Entando

Deploying the Helm chart will deploy all of the Kubernetes resources required for Entando to run.

sudo kubectl create -f entando.yaml
sudo kubectl get pods -n entando --watch

What does a successful startup look like?
  • First, you'll see the Entando operator: ContainerCreating > Running
  • Next, the Entando composite app deployer: Pending > ContainerCreating > Running
  • Then, Keycloak: kc-deployer > kc-db-deployment

Jobs / Deployments

  • Jobs, like kc-db-preparation-job run once, and are Completed: 0/1
  • Database deployments, like kc-db-deployment, should end up as Running: 1/1
  • The Keycloak server deployment kc-server-deployment, should end up as Running: 1/1
  • The quickstart-server-deployment should end up as 3/3

Lifecycle Events

  • Each line represents an event: Pending, ContainerCreating, Running or Completed
  • Restarts should ideally be 0; otherwise, there was a problem with your cluster, and Kubernetes is trying to self-heal
ubuntu@test-vm:~$ sudo kubectl get pods -n entando --watch
NAME                                   READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
quickstart-operator-8556c9c6f8-9ghwg   0/1     ContainerCreating   0          3s
quickstart-operator-8556c9c6f8-9ghwg   0/1     Running             0          49s
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0   0/1     ContainerCreating   0          0s
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0   1/1     Running             0          20s
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l              0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l              0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l              0/1     ContainerCreating   0          0s
quickstart-operator-8556c9c6f8-9ghwg           1/1     Running             0          88s
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l              1/1     Running             0          19s
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr    0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr    0/1     Pending             0          7s
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr    0/1     ContainerCreating   0          7s
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr    0/1     Running             0          77s
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr    1/1     Running             0          87s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     Init:0/1            0          0s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     Init:0/1            0          13s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     PodInitializing     0          15s
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7    0/1     Completed           0          17s
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q   0/1     ContainerCreating   0          0s
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q   0/1     Running             0          3m
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q   1/1     Running             0          4m36s
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l                  0/1     Completed           0          6m50s
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                 0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                 0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                 0/1     ContainerCreating   0          0s
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                 1/1     Running             0          5s
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   0/1     ContainerCreating   0          0s
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   0/1     Running             0          97s
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   1/1     Running             0          2m7s
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                   0/1     Completed           0          2m15s
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       0/1     ContainerCreating   0          1s
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       1/1     Running             0          6s
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            0/1     Pending             0          4s
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            0/1     ContainerCreating   0          4s
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            0/1     Running             0          7s
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            1/1     Running             0          19s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:0/4            0          0s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:0/4            0          4s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:1/4            0          5s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:1/4            0          8s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:2/4            0          9s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:2/4            0          6m42s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:3/4            0          7m20s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Init:3/4            0          7m22s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     PodInitializing     0          7m23s
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Completed           0          7m25s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        0/3     Pending             0          0s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        0/3     Pending             0          4s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        0/3     ContainerCreating   0          4s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        0/3     Running             0          2m35s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        1/3     Running             0          2m37s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        2/3     Running             0          2m38s
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        3/3     Running             0          3m5s
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       0/1     Completed           0          11m
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0         0/1     Completed           0          20m

Press Ctrl-C to exit the watch command once everything is up and running.


What pods come out of the box?
sudo kubectl get pods -n entando
NAME                                                 READY   STATUS      RESTARTS   AGE
quickstart-operator-8556c9c6f8-9ghwg                 1/1     Running     0          132m
quickstart-kc-db-deployment-c57f75d7f-wxmqr          1/1     Running     0          130m
quickstart-kc-db-preparation-job-1d6ab9b6-7          0/1     Completed   0          129m
quickstart-kc-server-deployment-66484d596d-qr78q     1/1     Running     0          128m
quickstart-kc-deployer-mx7ms3sc2l                    0/1     Completed   0          130m
quickstart-eci-k8s-svc-deployment-7c58c78b55-z52xj   1/1     Running     0          123m
quickstart-eci-deployer-kx9nhop22g                   0/1     Completed   0          124m
quickstart-db-deployment-7fff4c8479-qf469            1/1     Running     0          121m
quickstart-db-preparation-job-5a55b267-6             0/1     Completed   0          121m
quickstart-server-deployment-5597597575-gtptz        3/3     Running     0          113m
quickstart-deployer-os19rw3eto                       0/1     Completed   0          121m
quickstart-composite-app-deployer-picaju7bf0         0/1     Completed   0          131m

# Log in to Entando

Now that we've installed Entando, let's log in to Entando App Builder.

Get the URL to access Entando from your local browser.

sudo kubectl get ingress -n entando -o jsonpath=\
'{.items[2].spec.rules[*].host}{.items[2].spec.rules[*].http.paths[2].path}{"\n"}'
  • Example URL:
quickstart-entando.192.168.64.33.nip.io/app-builder/

entando-login.png

  • Username: admin
  • Password: adminadmin

After login, change your password to activate your account.

  • Note: If the login process hangs for more than 5 seconds, refresh the browser.

entando-app-builder.png

The App Builder is where we'll compose our micro frontends alongside CMS pages and content.

Congratulations!

We now have Entando up and running on Kubernetes in our local environment.